B.2. Date/Time Key Words

Table B-1 shows the tokens that are permissible as abbreviations for the names of the month.

Table B-1. Month Abbreviations

MonthAbbreviations
AprilApr
AugustAug
DecemberDec
FebruaryFeb
JanuaryJan
JulyJul
JuneJun
MarchMar
NovemberNov
OctoberOct
SeptemberSep, Sept

Note: The month May has no explicit abbreviation, for obvious reasons.

Table B-2 shows the tokens that are permissible as abbreviations for the names of the days of the week.

Table B-2. Day of the Week Abbreviations

DayAbbreviation
SundaySun
MondayMon
TuesdayTue, Tues
WednesdayWed, Weds
ThursdayThu, Thur, Thurs
FridayFri
SaturdaySat

Table B-3 shows the tokens that serve various modifier purposes.

Table B-3. Date/Time Field Modifiers

IdentifierDescription
ABSTIMEKey word ignored
AMTime is before 12:00
ATKey word ignored
JULIAN, JD, JNext field is Julian Day
ONKey word ignored
PMTime is on or after 12:00
TNext field is time

The key word ABSTIME is ignored for historical reasons: In very old releases of PostgreSQL, invalid values of type abstime were emitted as Invalid Abstime. This is no longer the case however and this key word will likely be dropped in a future release.

Table B-4 shows the time zone abbreviations recognized by PostgreSQL. PostgreSQL contains internal tabular information for time zone decoding, since there is no standard operating system interface to provide access to general, cross-time zone information. The underlying operating system is used to provide time zone information for output, however.

The table is organized by time zone offset from UTC, rather than alphabetically. This is intended to facilitate matching local usage with recognized abbreviations for cases where these might differ.

Table B-4. Time Zone Abbreviations

Time ZoneOffset from UTCDescription
NZDT+13:00New Zealand Daylight-Saving Time
IDLE+12:00International Date Line, East
NZST+12:00New Zealand Standard Time
NZT+12:00New Zealand Time
AESST+11:00Australia Eastern Summer Standard Time
ACSST+10:30Central Australia Summer Standard Time
CADT+10:30Central Australia Daylight-Saving Time
SADT+10:30South Australian Daylight-Saving Time
AEST+10:00Australia Eastern Standard Time
EAST+10:00East Australian Standard Time
GST+10:00Guam Standard Time, Russia zone 9
LIGT+10:00Melbourne, Australia
SAST+09:30South Australia Standard Time
CAST+09:30Central Australia Standard Time
AWSST+09:00Australia Western Summer Standard Time
JST+09:00Japan Standard Time, Russia zone 8
KST+09:00Korea Standard Time
MHT+09:00Kwajalein Time
WDT+09:00West Australian Daylight-Saving Time
MT+08:30Moluccas Time
AWST+08:00Australia Western Standard Time
CCT+08:00China Coastal Time
WADT+08:00West Australian Daylight-Saving Time
WST+08:00West Australian Standard Time
JT+07:30Java Time
ALMST+07:00Almaty Summer Time
WAST+07:00West Australian Standard Time
CXT+07:00Christmas (Island) Time
MMT+06:30Myanmar Time
ALMT+06:00Almaty Time
MAWT+06:00Mawson (Antarctica) Time
IOT+05:00Indian Chagos Time
MVT+05:00Maldives Island Time
TFT+05:00Kerguelen Time
AFT+04:30Afghanistan Time
EAST+04:00Antananarivo Summer Time
MUT+04:00Mauritius Island Time
RET+04:00Reunion Island Time
SCT+04:00Mahe Island Time
IRT, IT+03:30Iran Time
EAT+03:00Antananarivo, Comoro Time
BT+03:00Baghdad Time
EETDST+03:00Eastern Europe Daylight-Saving Time
HMT+03:00Hellas Mediterranean Time (?)
BDST+02:00British Double Standard Time
CEST+02:00Central European Summer Time
CETDST+02:00Central European Daylight-Saving Time
EET+02:00Eastern European Time, Russia zone 1
FWT+02:00French Winter Time
IST+02:00Israel Standard Time
MEST+02:00Middle European Summer Time
METDST+02:00Middle Europe Daylight-Saving Time
SST+02:00Swedish Summer Time
BST+01:00British Summer Time
CET+01:00Central European Time
DNT+01:00Dansk Normal Tid
FST+01:00French Summer Time
MET+01:00Middle European Time
MEWT+01:00Middle European Winter Time
MEZ+01:00Mitteleuropäische Zeit
NOR+01:00Norway Standard Time
SET+01:00Seychelles Time
SWT+01:00Swedish Winter Time
WETDST+01:00Western European Daylight-Saving Time
GMT00:00Greenwich Mean Time
UT00:00Universal Time
UTC00:00Universal Coordinated Time
Z00:00Same as UTC
ZULU00:00Same as UTC
WET00:00Western European Time
WAT-01:00West Africa Time
FNST-01:00Fernando de Noronha Summer Time
FNT-02:00Fernando de Noronha Time
BRST-02:00Brasilia Summer Time
NDT-02:30Newfoundland Daylight-Saving Time
ADT-03:00Atlantic Daylight-Saving Time
AWT-03:00(unknown)
BRT-03:00Brasilia Time
NFT-03:30Newfoundland Standard Time
NST-03:30Newfoundland Standard Time
AST-04:00Atlantic Standard Time (Canada)
ACST-04:00Atlantic/Porto Acre Summer Time
EDT-04:00Eastern Daylight-Saving Time
ACT-05:00Atlantic/Porto Acre Standard Time
CDT-05:00Central Daylight-Saving Time
EST-05:00Eastern Standard Time
CST-06:00Central Standard Time
MDT-06:00Mountain Daylight-Saving Time
MST-07:00Mountain Standard Time
PDT-07:00Pacific Daylight-Saving Time
AKDT-08:00Alaska Daylight-Saving Time
PST-08:00Pacific Standard Time
YDT-08:00Yukon Daylight-Saving Time
AKST-09:00Alaska Standard Time
HDT-09:00Hawaii/Alaska Daylight-Saving Time
YST-09:00Yukon Standard Time
MART-09:30Marquesas Time
AHST-10:00Alaska/Hawaii Standard Time
HST-10:00Hawaii Standard Time
CAT-10:00Central Alaska Time
NT-11:00Nome Time
IDLW-12:00International Date Line, West

Australian Time Zones. There are three naming conflicts between Australian time zone names and time zone names commonly used in North and South America: ACST, CST, and EST. If the run-time option australian_timezones is set to true then ACST, CST, EST, and SAT are interpreted as Australian time zone names, as shown in Table B-5. If it is false (which is the default), then ACST, CST, and EST are taken as American time zone names, and SAT is interpreted as a noise word indicating Saturday.

Table B-5. Australian Time Zone Abbreviations

Time ZoneOffset from UTCDescription
ACST+09:30Central Australia Standard Time
CST+10:30Australian Central Standard Time
EST+10:00Australian Eastern Standard Time
SAT+09:30South Australian Standard Time
TR